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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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  1. 12. 吳仁傑(2011),〈臺灣家庭所得分配不均之研究-跨縣市縱橫資料分析〉,國立中興大學應用經濟學研究所碩士論文。
  2. 13. 李芷蘅(2012),〈影響所得分配不均之實證分析〉,國立中興大學應用經濟學系所碩士論文。
  3. 15. 林祖嘉(2010),〈我國所得分配惡化的成因與政策建議〉,國政研究報告,財團法人國家政策研究基金會。
  4. 18. 翁柏楊(2010),〈臺灣房價變動與所得分配不均之實證研究〉,國立臺灣大學經濟學研究所碩士論文。
  5. 25. 陳虹均、郭炳伸、林信助(2012),〈能源價格衝擊與臺灣總體經濟〉,《臺灣經濟預測與政策》,第42卷,第2期,頁1-36。
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