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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 172 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 20. 王京明、郭婷瑋、洪紹平、許志義、孫承祥,2015。我國推動電業自由化之最適市場運作模式研究。台電工程月刊,第805期,第61-81頁。
  2. 23. 王彬墀、李育明、陳秋楊,2015。永續性之包容暨整合評估架構-延伸生命週期評估與IPAT分解分析之應用。國立台北大學自然資源與環境管理研究所博士論文。
  3. 52. 陳曾裕,2014。能源安全與我國電力供給規劃研究。國立台北大學資源管理研究所碩士論文。
  4. 58. 黃書禮,2002。生態系統理論在區域研究之應用。都市與計劃,第29卷,第二期,第187-215頁。
  5. 60. 黃軒亮,2009。結合多目標規劃與系統動力方法評估我國電力部門追求國家3E目標發展之影響研究。國立台北大學資源管理研究所碩士論文。
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