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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 12 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林燈燦(2010),服務品質管理,臺北:五南
  2. 曾采晴(2010),室內設計安全與技能檢定學科內容之關係研究,高雄:樹德科技大學環境與建築設計研究所碩士論文
  3. 曾國雄(2011),住宅室內裝修產業之競爭力分析,臺北:輔仁大學設計研究學報,第五期
  4. 鄭仁富、劉欣飴(2012),2012臺灣企業經營競爭力與服務創新動向調查報告,臺北:財團法人資訊工業策進會創新應用服務研究所
  5. 吳勉勤(2014),服務品質管理:提升服務品質的思維與作法,臺北:華立圖書
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張巧穎(2017)。台灣室內設計業經營策略研究。中原大學室內設計研究所學位論文。2017。1-166。
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