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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 48 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王本正、莊銘國、宋明弘(2008),「亞太地區太陽能光電產業之績效評估:應用
  2. 汪漢定(2007),台灣太陽能光電產業經營績效之研究,台灣大學經濟學研究所碩士論文。
  3. 邱永和、胡均立、曹嘉麟(2003),「台灣生物科技廠商之成本效率分析」,農業
  4. 林亭汝、沈永祺、洪仁財(2009),「台灣TFT-LCD業經營績效之探討:以S-C-P
  5. 陳英峰、盧永祥(2006),「臺灣IC設計廠商成本效率之分析」,東亞論壇季刊,
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 盧嘉宏(2013)。矽晶太陽能產業經營績效之研究:臺灣與大陸實證。元智大學管理碩士在職專班學位論文。2013。1-35。 
  2. 張裕青(2015)。研發投資對經營績效影響之研究-以太陽能產業為例。中正大學高階主管管理碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-71。
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