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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 67 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 內政部,2011.9.13,〈臺閩地區各級人民團體活動概況調查摘要分析〉,網址:
  2. 呂佩勳,2008,《健康旅遊體驗與幸福感之研究》,臺灣師範大學人類發展與家庭學系未出版博士論文。
  3. 陳育生,2008,《計程車牌照管制策略之研究》,國立台灣大學土木工程學系碩士論文。
  4. 陳美如,2010,《非營利組織與地方政府的合作關係之研究─以臺北市街貓絕育回置方案為例》,國立臺北大學公共行政暨政策學系碩士論文。
  5. Becker, G. S. 2000. “A Comment on the Conference on Cost-Benefit Analysis,” Journal of Legal Studies, Vol. 29, No. 2, pp. 1149-1152.
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 謝宛娟(2016)。公益事業勸募及企業社會責任關連之研究― 以某醫療基金會為例。臺灣大學商學組學位論文。2016。1-91。 
  2. 黃信翰(2013)。多元性別文化:青年同志出櫃之關鍵因素研究。臺北大學公共行政暨政策學系學位論文。2013。1-101。
  3. 吳蓉璧(2013)。政府與非營利組織網絡治理之研究:以身心障礙者支持性就業為例。臺北大學公共行政暨政策學系學位論文。2013。1-266。
  4. 戴玉玲(2014)。緩起訴處分金補助公益團體之關鍵影響因素。中正大學會計與資訊科技學系學位論文。2014。1-77。
  5. 詹國裕(2014)。影響更生人成功再就業關鍵因素之研究。臺北大學公共行政暨政策學系學位論文。2014。1-162。
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