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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 79 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳思華,1988,產業政策與企業策略。初版,台北:中華經濟研究。
  2. 呂佩勳,2008,健康旅遊體驗與幸福感之研究,臺灣師範大學人類發展與家庭學系未出版博士論文。
  3. 李孟訓 2007提升台灣農業生物科技產業競爭優勢關鍵成功因素及其策略之研究
  4. 李孟訓、林維儀、顏慧美,2006,田尾地區花卉產業供應鏈管理關鍵成功因素之研究,淡江人文社會學刊,26-27。
  5. 李孟訓、劉冠男、丁神梅、林俞君,2007,我國生物科技產業關鍵成功因素之研究,東吳經濟商學學報,56:27-51。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃信翰(2013)。多元性別文化:青年同志出櫃之關鍵因素研究。臺北大學公共行政暨政策學系學位論文。2013。1-101。
  2. 詹國裕(2014)。影響更生人成功再就業關鍵因素之研究。臺北大學公共行政暨政策學系學位論文。2014。1-162。
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