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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 71 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 沈明室,2003,《女性與軍隊》。台灣:揚智。
  2. 周海娟,2011,〈我國女性軍人百年發展史〉。頁1-24,收錄於國防大學編,《國防與性別平等:百年回顧與前瞻》。台北:政戰作戰學校。
  3. 林玉雯,2006,《性別角色對中學男姓教師的影響-以桃園縣某中學為例》。台北:國立台灣大學國家發展研究所碩士論文。
  4. 徐宗國,1988,〈是為少數者—女性與工作研究上的一些回顧與芻議〉。論文發表於「國立台灣大學人口研究中心婦女研究室主辦之婦女研究暑期研習會」,台北:國立台灣大學。
  5. 唐文慧、李惠茹,2004,〈性別的多數、權力的少數-以台南市國中女教師的職業選擇與晉遷為例〉。《師大學報(人文與社會類)》49:29-52。
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