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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 39 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 5. 吳宗立與林保豊,2003。國民小學教師工作壓力與組織承諾關係之研究。國教學報,15,193-230。
  2. 17. 詹婷姬,1994。國民小學教師工作環境知覺與組織承諾關係之研究。國立臺北師範學院初等教育研究所碩士論文。
  3. 21. 張苙雲,2003。台灣教育長期追蹤資料庫:第一波(2001)資料使用手冊【2007.10.03版】及第一波(2001)國中老師問卷。中央研究院調查研究專題中心【管理、釋出單位】。
  4. 22. 張苙雲,2003。台灣教育長期追蹤資料庫:第一波(2001)老師資料【公共使用版電子檔】。中央研究院調查研究專題中心【管理、釋出單位】。
  5. 24. 蔡俊傑與張順發,2004。教師工作生活品質與組織承諾關係之研究。南師學報,38,121-147。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 廖文靜(2010)。學校設施品質與教育成果關係之研究。政治大學教育研究所學位論文。2010。1-359。
  2. 吳莉筠(2011)。國立台灣美術館參觀動機與休閒阻礙對參與意願之影響。臺中科技大學流通管理系碩士班學位論文。2011。1-58。
  3. 賴顗竹(2012)。九年一貫國民小學階段藝術與人文領域之視覺藝術教師職業流動之影響因素。臺灣師範大學美術學系學位論文。2012。1-144。
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