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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 79 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王京明、許志義、沈淑芬、胥愛琦, 1994。「台灣能源密集度分析」。中華經濟研究院經濟專論,中華經濟研究院。
  2. 吳萬益,2008。『企業研究方法』。台北:華泰文化事業股份有限公司,第三版。
  3. 吳萬益、蘇進祿、鄭正豐,2005 。「以資料包絡分析法評估鋼鐵產業經營績效之研究」。 第四屆兩岸產業發展與經營管理學術研討會,國立成功大學、中國科學技術大學、海南大學與崑山科技大學。
  4. 吳濟華、何柏正,2008。「組織效率與生產力評估:資料包絡分析法」。初版,台北:前程文化事業股份有限公司。
  5. 張四立、謝維晃,2009。「我國商業與服務業部門能源效率指標之建置與節約能源成效評估」『科技發展政策報導』,,2009.07月刊,第四期,頁29-50。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 夏國釗(2011)。台灣政府機關能源效率分析-非意欲因素模型之應用。臺北科技大學優質電力供電產業研發碩士專班學位論文。2011。1-59。
  2. 吳巧雯(2012)。能源管理系統之持續改善與應用。臺北大學自然資訊與環境管理研究所學位論文。2012。1-98。
  3. 歐冠昕(2014)。台灣三大耗能產業能源效率變動趨勢分析 —能源生產力估計法之應用。中央大學產業經濟研究所學位論文。2014。1-130。
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