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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 98 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 傅偉勳,死亡的尊嚴與生命的尊嚴,正中書局,1993年。
  2. 蔡墩銘,刑法各論,三民書局,1978年7月。
  3. 蔣蕙芬,拒絕延命治療與安寧療護之探討,威資訊科技股份有限公司,2005年10月。
  4. 王道仁、陳政忠等,安樂死是什麼,當代醫學第二十六卷第六期,1997年。
  5. 周景勳,歸根復命與順生安命的超越生命──老莊思想的宗教觀,哲學與文化,第二十一卷第七期,1994年。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 楊雅君(2012)。醫助自殺合法化的倫理反思。中央大學哲學研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2012。1-103。
  2. 謝璧朱(2012)。安寧緩和照護之醫護倫理與刑事法律責任的探討。中正大學法律學系學位論文。2012。1-213。
  3. 莊依婷(2014)。安樂死除罪化可能性之探討。臺北大學法律學系一般生組學位論文。2014。1-124。
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