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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 56 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 13.洪世章(2007),「企業成長、策略選擇與策略改變」,中山管理評論,第十五卷,第一期,頁11-35。
  2. 1.Adrian, J. S.(1996), Value Migration : How to Think Several Moves Ahead of The Competition. Boston: The President and Fellows of Harvard College.
  3. 5.Bibeault, D.(1988), Corporate Turnaround, McGraw-Hill, New York.
  4. 8.Dale, E.(1967), Organization, N.Y.: American Management Association.
  5. 10.Devlin, G.(1991), “Diversification: A Redundant Strategic Option, ” European Management Journal, Vol.9, No.1, pp.76-81.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 賴元培(2008)。迎戰投資環境改變其存活之道--以東莞台商企業創新營運模式為例。政治大學科技管理研究所學位論文。2008。1-104。
  2. 黃雅君(2013)。中小企業成長速度之前因探討:以台灣中小企業為例。中正大學企業管理學系學位論文。2013。1-85。
  3. 黃智敏(2015)。創新產品開發管理系統以因應企業轉型之研究。中央大學工業管理研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-69。
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