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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 71 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 5. 葉俊榮,1988,「論環境政策上的經濟誘因」。
  2. 22. 溫盛淼,2010,「能源耗用對台灣數位遊戲產業經營績效影響之研究-資料包絡分析法的應用」,國立台北大學,自然資源與環境管理研究所碩士論文。
  3. 23. 洪海玲,2002,「以資料包絡分析法作製造業之營運效率分析」,國立成功大學工業管理研究所 碩士論文。
  4. 27. 林秀銘,2007,「以濕式洗滌塔處理印刷電路板產業中乾膜及印刷製程揮發性有機物效率之探討」,國立中央大學環境工程研究所 碩士論文。
  5. 38. 張石柱等,2004,「以策略觀點探討新舊銀行之經營效率─ 結合平衡計分卡及資料包絡分析法」,當代會計第五卷第二期。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李珮瑜(2013)。印刷與金屬表面塗裝業排放揮發性有機物的空污費及防制設備成本效益評估。中興大學環境工程學系所學位論文。2013。1-72。
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