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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 185 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 九二一災後重建委員會,(2002),《重建地區二十四鄉鎮市九二一重建成果、願景與重大施政彙編》,南投縣:行政院九二一震災災後重建推動委員會。
  2. 王振寰,(2007),〈空間再尺度化的角力全球化下的臺灣資通訊產業與國家機器〉,《地理學報》,49:39-54。
  3. 白如吟,(1999),《921台灣塵顏回顧展專輯》,台北市:財團法人維他露社會福利慈善事業基金會。
  4. 交通部觀光局,(2010),《中華民國99年來臺旅客消費及動向調查報告》,台北:交通部觀光局。
  5. 何明修,(2010),〈誰的家園、哪一種願景? ─ 發展主義陰影下的社區運動〉,《臺灣民主季刊》,7(1):1-30。
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