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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 98 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李登輝(1999),《台灣的主張》。台北:遠流出版社。
  2. 翁興利(2004),《政策規劃與行銷》。台北:華泰文化事業股份有限公司。
  3. 楊啟壽(2007),〈台灣基督長老教會人權宣言的時代性、正當性、影響及今日教會應有的反省〉,《台灣,新而獨立的國家:台灣基督長老教會人權宣言聖經與神學論述》。台北:台灣基督長老教會總會信仰與教制委員會,頁113-121。
  4. 羅清俊(2007),《社會科學研究方法─如何做好量化研究》。台北:威仕曼文化事業股份有限公司。
  5. 莊慶信(1995),〈宗教與政治--從宗教哲學觀點看今日兩岸的政教關係〉,《輔仁大學哲學論集學報》,第28期,頁247-274。
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