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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 82 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Barclay, G.W., 1994. Colonial Development and population in Taiwan. Princeton University Press.
  2. Brinton., 1988. The Socio-Institutional Bases of Gender Stratification : Janpan as an Illustrative Case. American Journal of Sociology 94:300-34.
  3. Brinton,.1989. Gender Stratification in contemporary Urban Japan. American sociological Review 54:549-64
  4. Brinton.,1993. Women and the Economic Miracle: Gender and Work in Postwar Japan. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
  5. Brooks, C. and Catherine B., 2004. The Transformation of US Gender Role Attitudes Cohort Replacement, Social-Stractural Change, and Ideological Learning. Socail Science Research33(1):106-133.
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王文伶(2012)。住宅類型影響單身女性購屋選擇之研究。臺北科技大學創新設計研究所學位論文。2012。1-100。 
  2. 考怡倩(2013)。單身女性性生活經驗探討。樹德科技大學人類性學研究所學位論文。2013。1-132。 
  3. 陳玉偵(2011)。社會變遷下高齡者樂活住宅模式之研究。政治大學地政研究所學位論文。2011。1-187。
  4. 黃惠君(2012)。婚姻之路-影響東亞女性婚姻抉擇因素之探討。臺北大學社會學系學位論文。2012。1-78。
  5. 葉美惠(2013)。工作要求、家庭要求對工作家庭衝突之影響–以物質主義與完美主義為干擾變項。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2013。1-81。
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