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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 48 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王國羽、洪惠芬、呂朝賢(2004),〈加拿大、荷蘭與丹麥身心障礙者所得保障政策之比較:台灣可以學什麼?〉,《台灣社會福利學刊》,5:33-82。
  2. 王國羽、呂朝賢(2004),〈世界衛生組織身心障礙人口定義概念之演進:兼論我國身心障礙人口定義系統問題與未來修正方向〉,《社會政策與社會工作學刊》,8(2):193-235。
  3. 王雲東(2007a),〈身心障礙者社區化就業服務方案之成本效益與成本效能分析—以臺北市92-94年度就服方案為例〉,《臺大社工學刊》,14:123-166。
  4. 王雲東(2007b),〈身心障礙者支持性就業服務方案之成本效益分析—以某社福基金會之貨幣化成本效益分析為例〉,《中華心理衛生學刊》,20(2):179-200。
  5. 行政院勞工委員會(2009),《98年身心障礙者勞動狀況調查報告》,台北:行政院勞工委員會。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳欣如(2013)。漫漫長路之就業歷程-以台南市成人智能障礙者為例。長榮大學社會工作學系(所)學位論文。2013。1-117。 
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