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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 69 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Aldrich, H. (1989), “Networking Among Women Entrepreneurs”, in O. Hagan, C.
  2. Bird, A. (1994), "Careers as repositories of knowledge: a new perspective on boundaryless careers", Journal of Organizational Behavior, Vol. 15, pp. 325-44.
  3. Birley, S., Moss, C., & Sander, P. (1987), Do women Entrepreneurs require different training? American Journal of Small Business. Summer: pp. 27-35.
  4. Boxman, E.; De Graaf, P.M.; Flap, H.D. (1991) The impact of social and human capital on the income attainment of Dutch managers. Social Networks pp. 13:51-73.
  5. Buttner, E. H., & Rosen, B. (1987). Bank loan officer’s perceptions of the Characteristics men, women and successful entrepreneurs. Journal of Business Venturing. pp. 3:249-258.
Times Cited (10) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張家馨(2011)。已婚女性創業家的工作與家庭衝突之研究。成功大學企業管理學系學位論文。2011。1-51。 
  2. 彭竹筠(2012)。客庄女性創業歷程探究:以新竹北埔哈客愛、竹東阿金姐、新埔柿染坊為例。交通大學客家文化學院客家社會與文化學程學位論文。2012。1-226。 
  3. 王妙妃(2012)。營造業女性創業家關鍵行為特質之研究。長榮大學高階管理碩士在職專班(EMBA)學位論文。2012。1-70。 
  4. 唐慧靜(2011)。服務業女性創業精神之研究-人力資本、社會資本及機會辨識觀點。長榮大學高階管理碩士在職專班(EMBA)學位論文。2011。1-81。 
  5. 丁翠吟(2009)。台灣地區女性創業過程之個案研究。臺北大學企業管理學系學位論文。2009。1-180。
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