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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 134 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 司法院編印,司法院涉外民事法律適用法研究修正資料彙編(一),2002年11月。
  2. 行政院消費者保護委員會編印,消費者保護法判決函釋彙編(一),1998年12月。
  3. 何之邁,公平交易法實論修訂版,作者自行發行,2002年9月。
  4. 林群弼,海商法論,三民書局,2005年9月。
  5. 陳自強,契約之成立與生效,學林,2002年。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 利唯綸(2015)。涉外契約準據法之研究 - 兼論台灣涉外民事法律之修訂。逢甲大學財經法律研究所學位論文。2015。1-161。 
  2. 連致宇(2009)。從國際私法之觀點論涉外再保險契約。臺北大學法律學系學位論文。2009。1-232。
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