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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 185 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張甘妹,刑事政策,三民,1979年。
  2. 張麗卿,期待可能性在刑法的運用,收錄於:法學理論與文化-李岱教授祝壽論文集,新學林,2008年10月。
  3. 蔡墩銘,刑法精義,作者自版,1999年9月。
  4. 李茂生,論刑法部分條文修正草案中保安處分相關規定,月旦法學雜誌,93期,2003年2月。
  5. 張麗卿,責任能力與精神障礙-評刑法修正草案,月旦法學雜誌,93期,2003年2月。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李明芝(2013)。原住民採取森林產物的文化困境與除罪化研究。國立臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2013。1-287。 
  2. 王珮儒(2011)。智能障礙被告刑事責任能力及程序權利保障之探討。國立臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2011。1-220。 
  3. 蘇忠聖(2012)。量刑客觀化之研究─以毒品案件為中心。臺北大學法律學系學位論文。2012。1-102。
  4. 游美惠(2016)。受監護處分的精神障礙者從監護到社會復歸:家屬觀點。朝陽科技大學社會工作系學位論文。2016。1-132。
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