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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 49 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3. 行政院勞工委員會勞資關係處,簽訂「競業禁止」參考手冊,2003.04。
  2. 7. 李洙德,「勞動契約中的誠實信用與公平正義--高等法院九十三年勞上字第七五號判決評釋」,法令月刊,2006.09,頁29-45。
  3. 10. 周光輝,離職後競業禁止及其替代措施之研究-以車燈業技術勞工為例,國立成功大學法律學研究所碩士論文,2003。
  4. 11. 林更盛,「定型化離職後競業禁止約款的審查--評最高法院九四年臺上字第一六八八號判決」,臺灣本土法學雜誌,2006.10,頁249-252。
  5. 14. 林振芳,「由大陸勞動合同法草案之規定以觀兩岸對於離職後競業禁止條款之效力認定問題」,法令月刊,2007.03,頁74-89。
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