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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 271 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁時達,2005。臺北市升大學文理補習班變遷研究。國立臺灣師範大學教育研究所碩士論文,未出版。
  2. 毛國楠,1997。成績回饋方式對不同能力水準國中生數學科的學習動機、學習策略、學習態度與學業成就之影響。臺灣師範大學教育心理學報,29期,頁117~136。
  3. 王枝燦,2008。家庭結構對青少年子女學習成就之影響。國立政治大學社會學研究所博士論文,未出版。
  4. 王儷蓉,2006。編班方式對於國中生學習成就的影響。國立臺灣大學經濟學研究所碩士論文,未出版。
  5. 何宗岳,2009。國小教師之教師信念、領導行為、班級經營策略與班級經營效能之結構關係研究。臺中教育大學學報:教育類,23卷1期,頁99~127。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江啟暉(2014)。學業補習與國中生憂鬱傾向之探討。臺北大學社會學系學位論文。2014。1-44。
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