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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 76 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 何明修(2005)。《社會運動概論》。臺北:三民。
  2. 李宛蓉(2008)。《非營利組織立法遊說之策略聯盟研究》,國立政治大學企業管理研究所碩士論文。
  3. 官有垣(2000)。非營利組織在臺灣的發展:兼論政府對財團法人基金會的法令規範,《中國行政評論》,10:1,75-110。
  4. 胡藹若(2005)。從資源動員理論的觀點論臺灣婦女體制外的政治參與,《復興崗學報》,83,281-306。
  5. 徐秉琦(2007)。《倡議型非營利組織經營管理之研究:以財團法人消費者文教金會為例》,國立臺灣師範大學社會教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李慕義(2013)。我國信仰型非營利組織從事政策倡議之研究:以基督教為取向。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2013。1-249。 
  2. 羅元禎(2013)。倡議型非營利組織策略發展與志工運用之研究。臺北大學公共行政暨政策學系學位論文。2013。1-134。
  3. 白書宇(2016)。倡議型非營利組織策略發展之研究: 以中華民國公教軍警暨退休人員聯合總會為例。臺北大學公共行政暨政策學系學位論文。2016。1-151。
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