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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 67 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張苙雲,2000,〈制度信任及行為的信任意涵〉。《台灣社會學刊》23:179-223。
  2. 張榮富,2007,〈從道德演化的『賽局理論』與『名譽模型』談道德教育--從Frank道德情緒理論之應用〉。國立台北教育大學教育實踐與研究20(1):119-146。
  3. 張榮富,2008,〈宗教的果報觀如何促進道德行為與社會利益:以演化賽局模型分析〉。《教育與社會研究》15(2008/06):53-72。
  4. 丁人傑,2001,〈當代台灣社會中的宗教浮現:以社會分化過程為焦點所做的初步考察〉。《台灣社會研究季刊》41:205-270。
  5. 林鉦棽、蕭淑月、何慧清,2005,〈社會交換理論觀念下組織支持、組織知識分享行為與組織公民行為相關因素之研究:以信任與關係為分析切入點〉。《人力資源學報》5(1):77-110。
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