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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 57 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 于德林,2005,〈台灣民眾對外來配偶移民政策的態度〉。《台灣社會學刊》10:95-148。
  2. 朱明若、李姣姿,2001,〈全球化之下工作壓力對職工身心健康之影響及整合性的對策〉。《台灣衛誌》20(6):413-422。
  3. 吳明隆,2006,三版,《SPSS統計應用學習實務:問卷分析與應用統計》臺北市:知城數位科技股份有限公司。
  4. 李盈慧,2006 ,《女性心理健康之初探》。台南:國立成功大學護理學系精神衛生護理組碩士論文。
  5. 周玉慧、楊文山、莊義利,1998,〈晚年生活壓力、社會支持與老人身心健康〉。頁227-265,收錄於《人文及社會科學集刊》。台北:中央研究院中山人文社會科學研究所。
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