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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 47 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李君屏,陳宏輝 (2007),存款保險之評價:信用風險模型之應用,風險管理學報,第9卷第1期,pp.5-25。
  2. 張大成 (2003),違約機率與信用評估模型,台灣金融財務季刊,第4卷第1期,pp.19-34。
  3. 陳育成,薛健宏 (2002),我國產業風險乘數因子抵換關係之實證研究,台灣管理學刊,第2卷第2期,pp.51-76。
  4. 黃仁德,郭淑郁 (2004),信用風險衡量—信用風險加成模型,台灣金融財務季刊, 第五輯第三期,pp.77-111。
  5. 鍾經樊,黃嘉龍,黃博怡,謝有隆 (2006),台灣地區企業信用評分系統的建置、驗證和比較,經濟論文,中央研究院經濟研究所,34:4,pp.541-590。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 梁容愷(2015)。企業環境保護程度與財務績效、違約風險的關聯性。淡江大學財務金融學系碩士班學位論文。2015。1-49。 
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