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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 131 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 6、 湯德宗,〈論訴願之正當程序〉,收錄於《訴願程序與行政程序相關專論暨法令選輯》,台北市政府訴願審議委員會編印,2000年7月增訂版。
  2. 10、 張雅雯,<數位時代美國聯邦通信委員會法制改革介紹-從二十一世紀美國聯邦通信委員會策略規劃藍圖談我國電信資訊傳播委員會>,收錄於資訊法務透析,資策會科技法律中心,1999 年。
  3. 12、 李惠宗,《憲法要義》,元照出版有限公司, 2006年9月,三版1 刷。
  4. 行政院法規委員會,受託人:財團法人戴炎輝文教基金會。
  5. 8、 蔡茂寅,<獨立機關之研究—以中央行政機關組織基準法為檢討對象>,研考雙月刊,28卷6期,2004。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 徐世芬(2010)。訴願制度於獨立機關適用性之研究。政治大學法學院碩士在職專班學位論文。2010。1-104。
  2. 葉育泓(2012)。論我國通訊傳播管制及其救濟之研究-以美國法制為借鏡。臺北大學法律學系學位論文。2012。1-192。
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