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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 158 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳淑妍 (2011)。環保技術產業的發展-以德國為例。經濟前瞻,135,35-42。
  2. 林金賢、黃瓊瑤、張瑞元(2012)。環境揭露與財務績效關連性-盈餘管理之調節效果。輔仁管理評論,19(3),27-54。
  3. 林亭汝、虞孝成、蔡昕翰(2006)。影響企業環保技術創新發展意願之激勵因子與障礙因子。科技管理學刊,11(2),33-61。
  4. 周雅燕、楊文惠、胡哲生(2005)。行銷理論之分類架構:內容分析法。中華管理學報,6(2),31-48。
  5. 胡憲倫、程大哲、許家偉(2011)。建構永續性平衡計分卡之研究-以半導體產業為例。中山管理評論,19(3),709-741。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 伍曉婉(2015)。企業社會責任實行之個案探討。中正大學會計資訊與法律數位學習碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-79。
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