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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 129 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1、山中敬一,日本經濟刑法的發展與課題,鄭善印譯,東海大學法學研究,第10期,1996年3月。
  2. 3、王志誠,沖洗買賣之認定基準,法令月刊,第59卷3期,2008年3月。
  3. 6、王育慧,最高法院91年度台上字第3037號判決及臺灣高等法院88年度上重訴字第39號判決之評釋(東隆五金案)—以連續交易操縱行為與內線交易為範圍,臺北大學法學論叢,第61期。
  4. 13、何耀琛,證券市場操縱行為之認定與要件—簡評最高法院九六年台上字第一0四四號判決,台灣本土法學雜誌,第97期,2007年8月。
  5. 15、吳元曜,論沖洗買賣條款之立法型式及適用基準,法令月刊,第55卷1期,2004年1月。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林佳漢(2016)。我國證券流通市場操縱行為刑事責任之研究。國立臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2016。1-146。 
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