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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 59 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1.蔡智發、鄭淑穎 (1999),「以多組起迄旅次探討高速公路擁擠稅」,經濟研究,36卷1期,頁25-43。(TSSCI)。
  2. 2.褚志鵬、葉岦陞 (2001),「道路擁擠收費政策在考量異質旅次之靜態分析」,運輸計畫季刊,30卷1期,頁33–62。
  3. 3.交通部運輸研究所 (2007),「都市交通擁擠收費技術之研究」。
  4. 4.盧宗成 (2011),「考慮異質使用者與旅行時間感知誤差於動態道路定價下之動態使用者均衡模式」,運輸學刊,23卷4期,頁411-436。
  5. 1.Adler, T. and Ristau, W. (1999) “Traveler Reactions to Congestion Pricing Concepts for New York’s Tappan Zee Bridge.” Transportation Research Record : Journal of the Transportation Research Board,Volume 1659. Pages 87-96.
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