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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 193 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 牟宗三(1965),《中國哲學的特質》。臺北:學生。
  2. 牟宗三(1985),《圓善論》。臺北:學生。
  3. 李公哲(1998),《永續發展導論》。臺北:中華民國環境工程學會出版。
  4. 林文政譯,Daniel Sitarz(ed)著(1995),《綠色希望:地球高峰會議藍圖》(The Earth Summit Strategy To Save Our Planet),亦即《二十一世紀議程》(Agenda 21) 。臺北:天下文化。
  5. 徐復觀(1994),《 中國人性論史.先秦篇》。臺北:商務。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林右晟(2011)。從利害關係人觀點探討坪林低碳社區之永續發展。中興大學國家政策與公共事務研究所學位論文。2011。1-202。 
  2. 黃翊涵(2012)。救災物資臨時集散場所選擇評估系統之建立。交通大學土木工程系所學位論文。2012。1-119。 
  3. 謝孟芯(2013)。我國災害防救專責組織剖析。臺北科技大學土木與防災研究所學位論文。2013。1-170。
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