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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 64 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 內政部(民98)。勞動基準法,內政部:台北。
  2. 王建楠、吳重達(民95)。青少年之身心發展及行為表現。基層醫學,21 (11),326-332。
  3. 王麗容(民89)。少年打工--保護與禁止之間的捏拿。人本教育札記,2000(8),24-25。
  4. 石泱(民97)。單親家庭青少年偏差行為成因之研究:權力控制理論的觀點。犯罪與刑事司法研究。10,51-89。
  5. 李景美、張鳳琴、賴香如、江振東、李碧霞、陳雯昭、張瑜真(民97)。台北縣市高職學生開始使用成癮藥物質之危險與保護因子追蹤。台灣衛誌,27(5), 399-410。
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王昊天(2015)。影響大學生工作價值觀之研究。淡江大學會計學系碩士班學位論文。2015。1-92。 
  2. 張嘉珊(2013)。物質濫用家庭青少年生活及可能自我之探究。屏東科技大學社會工作系學位論文。2013。1-230。 
  3. 陳秋金(2014)。國民中學中輟生成功復學歷程之探討。樹德科技大學兒童與家庭服務系碩士班學位論文。2014。1-142。
  4. 張逸航(2014)。後母班與偏差行為探究。臺北大學犯罪學研究所學位論文。2014。1-92。
  5. 楊皓程(2014)。網咖是青少年沉淪的淵藪?~論青少年網咖沉迷與偏差行為之關聯。臺北大學社會學系學位論文。2014。1-57。
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