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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 78 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 沈經洪(1995),《非營利組織市場導向之研究》,國立政治大學企業管理研究所碩士論文。
  2. 林宏熾(2003),<身心障礙者庇護工場的涵義與發展>,《身心障礙者生涯規劃與轉銜教育》。台北:五南。
  3. 陳定銘(2007),《非營利組織、政府與社會企業-理論與實踐》。台北:智勝文化。
  4. 陳家玄(2006),《智能障礙者之就業服務接受狀況與就業穩定之探討》,靜宜大學青少年兒童福利學系碩士論文。
  5. Laurent, V. (1998), Sheltered employment for persons with disabilities, International Labor Review, 134(1):132-134.
Times Cited (19) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蔡淑靜(2014)。台灣社會企業教育訓練挑戰之探討。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2014。1-79。 
  2. 朱傳苓(2015)。從企業社會責任到社會企業?以矽聯科技綠色奇蹟公益平台為例之探討。長榮大學社會工作學系(所)學位論文。2015。1-104。 
  3. 鍾汶芳(2014)。社會企業自評行銷與社會影響之關係-以承接多元就業開發方案組織為例。屏東科技大學社會工作系學位論文。2014。1-101。 
  4. 楊青燕(2017)。我國身心障礙就業促進類社會企業-NPO型與公司型之比較。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2017。1-201。 
  5. 温筱琦(2014)。原住民族社區經濟的實踐—從部落文化產業到社會企業。臺灣大學建築與城鄉研究所學位論文。2014。1-136。 
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