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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 62 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 行政院勞工委員會職業訓練局北基宜花金馬區就業服務中心,2005,《三合一就業服務標準化作業手冊》。台北:北基宜花金馬區就業服務中心編印。
  2. 何憶華,2009,《中央機關運用派遣人力之研究》。台北:國立台灣師範大學工業科技教育學系碩士論文。
  3. 李盈達,2011,《派遣勞工與正職受僱型態之實證研究—金融海嘯前後之分析比較》。桃園:國立中央大學產業經濟研究所碩士論文。
  4. 吳宛芸,2006,《部分工時工作者之勞動條件研究》。台北:國立政治大學勞工研究所碩士論文。
  5. 李建鴻,2008b,〈契約主義下的績效與公平的兩難:臺灣就業服務體制的社會風險管理分析〉。《政大勞動學報》23:113-144。
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