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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 130 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 6.張春興,現代心理學,東華書局台北,1996。
  2. 7.黃英忠,人力資源管理,三民書局台北,1997。
  3. 11.江學華,國籍飛航機師組織文化、人格特質與飛航安全續效之關係研究,碩士論文,成功大學,2003。
  4. 12.蔡明田、余明助,企業文化、組織生涯管理與組織績效之關係研究-以台灣高科技產業為例,管理評論,第19卷,第三期,2000,57-75頁。
  5. 14.林淑姬,新酬公平、程序公平與組織承諾對組織公民行為關係之研究,碩士論文,政治大學,1992。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳品云(2009)。飛行員工作滿足知覺對離職傾向之研究 -以專業承諾中介效果以及人格特質為調節預測效果。元智大學管理研究所學位論文。2009。1-63。 
  2. 仝欣于(2013)。員工離職行為之關鍵因素探討--以電子代工業為例。中正大學企業管理學系學位論文。2013。1-73。
  3. 趙志達(2017)。空軍飛行軍官離職因素之研究。淡江大學公共行政學系公共政策碩士在職專班學位論文。2017。1-93。
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