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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 76 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3.中華民國消費者文教基金會網站
  2. (93年12月28日)。2004年度十大消費新聞。
  3. 7.李震山(民92)。「電腦處理之個人資料保護法」之回顧與前瞻。中正法學集刊,14。
  4. 8.林逢慶(民94年2月)。建立我國通資訊基礎建設安全機制計畫推動現況和展望。研考雙月刊,29(1)。
  5. 9.林勤經、樊國楨、方仁威與黃景彰(民91年7月)。資訊安全管理系統建置工作之研究。資訊管理研究,4(2)。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳玫珍(2008)。員工為什麼會離職-從離職動機的萌生、強化到下決策之行為歷程。崑山科技大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2008。1-113。 
  2. 劉漈浚(2011)。遵循個人資料保護法之人事薪資系統再造-論文印刷版。大同大學資訊經營學系所學位論文。2011。1-120。
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