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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 92 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 羅新興、陳忠虎、陳秀清(2004),領導者類型、追隨者類型與領導效能關係之研究—以國軍組織成員為實證對象,國防管理學報,第22卷第5期,51-60。
  2. 鄭伯壎(2000),華人組織的家長式領導:概念再建構、測量及模式的建立(1/2),國科會專題研究計劃成果報告。
  3. 鄭伯壎(2001),華人組織的家長式領導:概念再建構、測量模式的建立(II),國科會專題研究計劃成果報告。
  4. 鄭伯壎、周麗芳、樊景立(2000),家長式領導:三元模式的建構與測量,本土心理學研究,第14期,3-64。
  5. 鄭伯壎、周麗芳、黃敏萍(2003),家長式領導第三元模式:中國大陸企業組織的證據,本土心理學研究,第20期,209-250。
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 鄭國雄(2009)。社會保險退休制度的變革對保險客戶保險購買行為的影響。淡江大學保險學系保險經營碩士在職專班學位論文。2009。1-72。 
  2. 張家瑋(2008)。台灣家族企業家長式領導與其領導效能關聯性之研究-以生理性別與性別角色為調節變項。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2008。1-88。 
  3. 許翰笙(2007)。教育行政機關主管家長式領導、行政人員情緒勞動與職業倦怠關係之研究。政治大學教育研究所學位論文。2007。1-197。
  4. 林柏年(2008)。家長式領導與員工組織承諾、工作績效及離職傾向關係之研究。臺北大學企業管理學系學位論文。2008。1-81。
  5. 郭立欣(2012)。目標導向與尋求回饋行為關連性之研究-以個人/集體主義為調節變項。中央大學人力資源管理研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2012。1-48。
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