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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 94 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [6] 汪美香與葉桂珍(民89)。消費者屬性、網站滿意度與網路購物意願關係之研究。企業管理學報,第48 期,12 月。
  2. [19] 陳佳賢、陳俊良、陳至哲、劉慰祖(民90)。我國電子商務市場發展現況與趨勢分析。台北:財團法人資訊工業策進會資訊市場情報中心。
  3. [20] 陳明德(民91)。旅遊業導入電子商務之績效評估-以平衡計分卡觀點探討。靜宜大學企業管理研究所碩士論文,靜宜大學,台中縣。
  4. [27] 資策會電子商務研究所(民95)。全球上網人口。
  5. [38] 鐘瑄容(民90)。涉入程度、顧客滿意度與忠誠度關係之研究-以網路商店類型及顧客關係結合類型分析。企業管理學系碩士論文,中原大學,桃園縣。
Times Cited (13) 〈TOP〉
  1. 唐偉翔(2014)。應用高坐姿於公共空間短暫休憩座椅設計。臺北科技大學創新設計研究所學位論文。2014。1-97。 
  2. 陳貞樺(2008)。網路拍賣之顧客關係管理績效評估要素─以顧客導向為觀點。崑山科技大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2008。1-92。 
  3. 李季聖(2015)。公園中體健設施使用對高齡者體適能之影響初探。國立臺灣大學園藝學研究所學位論文。2015。1-103。 
  4. 胡淑慧(2008)。成人學生對邁向成功老化的認知.準備程度及學習需求之研究-以台北市某技術學院進修專校成人學生為例。臺灣師範大學社會教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2008。1-195。
  5. 吳佳璇(2008)。老化對休閒活動參與的影響。亞洲大學長期照護研究所學位論文。2008。1-75。
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