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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 74 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 石芬芬(1995)「藥癮戒治病房護理人員的工作壓力與因應行為之探討」,碩士論文,國立台灣大學護理研究所。
  2. 吳盈江(1993)「臨床護士的工作壓力頻率與感受量表之編修」,護理研究,1(2),113-125。
  3. 巫慧芳(1994)「護理人員面對病患家屬時的工作壓力因應方式與需求的探討」,碩士論文,國立台灣大學護理學研究所。
  4. 胡瑞桃(2000)。加護單位護理人員對其工作壓力來源之反應及調適。長庚護理,11(2),20-30。
  5. 曾瀞瑤(2004)「醫學中心護理人員工作壓力與身心健康之相關探討」,碩士論文,國立台灣大學公共衛生學院醫療機構管理研究所。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳憶萍(2017)。同情疲勞對離職業傾向、照護品質之影響:專業承諾中介效果之探討。中山醫學大學醫療產業科技管理學系碩士班學位論文。2017。1-53。
  2. 周漢威(2017)。探討不同醫院層級、情緒勞務與護理人員身心健康之關聯。清華大學經營管理碩士在職專班學位論文。2017。1-84。
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