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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 105 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 6.張顯靖(2005),「市場知識能耐、產品開發熟練度與創新程度對新產品上市績效影響之研究」,中原大學企業管理研究所未出版之碩士論文。
  2. 7.張瓊方(2007),「同類型之跨部門整合對新產品發展績效影響之研究」。國立中央大學/企業管理研究所碩士論文。
  3. 8.張水文(2005),「產品新穎度、技術配適度與內外部組織整合對新產品易製性影響之研究」,國立中原大學企業管理研究所未出版之碩士論文。
  4. 10.陳嵩(2001a),「新產品發展早期階段之設計卅製造整合-探索分析與實證」,台大管理論叢,第12卷第1期,頁85-121。
  5. 14.賴士葆(1992),「研發卅製造互動與新產品發展績效相關之研究」,收錄於科技管理論文集(賴士葆),台北:華泰書局,頁211-231。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 廖明中(2017)。遊戲實況的粉絲經濟及其矛盾。臺灣大學社會學研究所學位論文。2017。1-166。 
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