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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 106 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2. 王元珊(2005),國民小學社會資本與教師知識分享行為關係之研究,國立台北師範學院教育政策與管理研究所碩士論文。
  2. 4. 王姿云(2009),組織氣候、自我效能、預期成果對知識分享意圖與行為之影響- 以社會認知理論探討,國立成功大學管理學院EMBA碩士論文。
  3. 6. 李應宗(2002),組織文化與知識分享之研究—以台北縣國民小學為例,國立台北師範學院國民教育研究所碩士論文。
  4. 9. 吳清山、黃旭鈞(2006),國民小學推動知識管理之研究—有利條件、困境、功能與策略,教育研究集刊,52卷第2期,33-65頁。
  5. 14. 邱雅萍、郭美資、莊文隆(2006),組織內知識分享意願影響因素之研究—以高中職導師為例。企業管理學報(69),97-134。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 韓欣諺(2012)。理解式球類教學法對國中生軟式高爾夫學習效果之研究。臺灣師範大學體育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2012。1-116。
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