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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 35 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [1] 孫培真, “新世代節能環保照明—白光LED,” 生活科技教育月刊,2005年 三十八卷 第七期
  2. [9] Simone Buso, Giorgio Spiazzi, Matteo Meneghini, "Performance Degradation of High-Brightness Light Emitting Diodes Under DC and Pulsed Bias" ,IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON DEVICE AND MATERIALS RELIABILITY, VOL. 8, NO. 2, JUNE (2008)
  3. Stability and performance evaluation of High Brightness Light Emitting Diodes under DC and pulsed bias conditions" , Sixth International Conference on Solid State Lighting of SPIE Vol. 6337, 63370R, (2006)
  4. [11] Lianqiao Yang, Jianzheng Hu, and Moo Whan Shin, "Dynamic Thermal Analysis of High-Power LEDs at Pulse Conditions" , IEEE ELECTRON DEVICE LETTERS, VOL. 29, NO. 8, AUGUST 2008
  5. [12] M GY Wei, M. Horowitz, “A Low Power switching power supply for
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 呂懷恩(2010)。研製具矽支架之發光二極體與其特性分析。崑山科技大學電機工程研究所學位論文。2010。1-37。
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