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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 32 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [2] G.B.Stringfellow,”High brightness light emitting diode,”Academic Press Inc.Boston, pp.149, 1997.
  2. [3] H. Sugawara, M. Ishikawa, and G. Hatakoshi, High-efficiency InGaAlP / GaAs visible light-emitting diodes, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1010 , 1991
  3. InGaAlP green light-emitting diodes, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1775, 1992
  4. [6] E. Fred Schubert and Jong Kyu Kim, “Solid-State Light Sources Getting Smart,” SCIENCE, Vol. 308, 2005
  5. [14] 孫培真, 黃建晃, “新世代節能環保照明-白光LED,” 生活科技教育月刊, 第38卷, 第7期, 第104-113頁, 2005
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王士鴻(2010)。應用於垂直式氮化鎵發光二極體之鎳/銀高反射歐姆 接觸的研究。崑山科技大學電子工程研究所學位論文。2010。1-63。
  2. 楊智強(2010)。電泳沉積螢光粉之白色發光二極體元件特性研究。崑山科技大學電機工程研究所學位論文。2010。1-69。
  3. 劉耀聰(2011)。錫銀銅取代金錫應用於發光二極體共晶固晶製程之研究。崑山科技大學電子工程研究所學位論文。2011。1-53。
  4. 邱翼舜(2011)。螢光粉粒徑與位置對白光發光二極體光取出特性之研究。崑山科技大學光電工程研究所學位論文。2011。1-65。
  5. 石政欣(2011)。固晶膠中摻雜氮化鋁粉體改善高功率LED之散熱特性。崑山科技大學光電工程研究所學位論文。2011。1-62。
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