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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 104 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2,王光輝(2007),臺中縣高中體育班學生學習適應與升學意願之相關研究, 國立臺灣師範大學體育研究所士論文。
  2. 8,李京娜、李淑如、呂麗珍、朱淑珠(1993),台灣區職校學生升學意願調查之研究,商業職業教育,第52期,第42-50 頁。
  3. 13,吳文全(2002),我國高職控制科畢業升學意願及升學途徑選擇相關影響因素之調查研究Scheffe 法,國立師大工業教育研究所碩士論文。
  4. 16,巫有鎰(1997),影響國小學生學業成就的因果機制--以台北市和台東縣作比較,國立台東師範學院國民教育研究所碩士論文。
  5. 20,洪先進(2001),我國高職觀光科學生升學意願及態度之研究,朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理學系碩士論文。
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