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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 179 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1.王榮春、陳彰儀(2003)。部屬觀點之領導互動論:部屬對主管領導行為的知覺因素與互動內涵初探,「組織行為的回顧與前瞻: 群體與組織層次」,鄭伯壎主編,第20期,2003 ,五南圖書。
  2. 2.王新怡(2003)。家長式領導、信任與員工效能。國立中山大學人力資源管理研究所。
  3. 6.吳宗祐,周麗芳,鄭伯壎(2008)。主管的權威取向及其對部屬順從與畏懼的知覺對威權領導的預測效果,本土心理學研究,第30期,65-115。
  4. 7.吳宗祐(2008) 主管威權領導與部屬的工作滿意度與組織承諾:信任的中介歷程與情緒智力的調節效果,本土心理學研究,第30期,3-63。
  5. 8.吳秋慶,洪光遠(2005)。武德領導之概念性內涵初探,復興崗學報,第84期,25-54。
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