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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 49 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [4] 何文榮、李復禮,“公司治理與財務危機關條之研究-以上市公司為例”,華人前瞻研究,第2卷,第2期,2006年11月,第1-25頁。
  2. [5] 李春安、徐傳瑛,“董事會獨立性與企業財務危機相關之研究”,管理與系統,第17卷,第3期,2010年,第467-499頁。
  3. [7] 周賢榮、鄭文英、菅瑞昌及吳千惠,“考慮偏誤修正後之財務預警模式:以台灣上市電子業為例”,美和學報,第29卷,第1期,2010年,第209-225頁。
  4. [8] 林欣美、郭麗華及蘇逎惠,“國際化程度、董事會結構、精練法人監督對盈餘管理之影響:以台灣資訊電子業為例“,台大管理論叢,第19卷,第1期,2008年,第157-186頁。
  5. [10] 林昱成、林金賢、陳雪如及莊家豪,“類神經模糊專家系統在訴訟預警模型之應用:以公司治理觀點”,會計評論,第44期,2007年,第95-126頁。
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