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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 108 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 全中妤、嚴雯聖、何汝惠, 2006. 餐旅服務業工作有關之肌肉骨骼傷病之省思. 勞工安全衛生研究季刊, 14 (2), 146-155.
  2. 吳水丕 & 梁宇沛, 2012. 食品業門市人員肌肉骨骼傷害之人因研究. 工作與休閒學刊, 3 (1), 105-124.
  3. 張光喜, 2002. 台灣微電子工業從業人員工作壓力與肩、頸不適症狀之關係.
  4. 蕭淑銖, 陳秋蓉, 杜宗禮 & 郭育良, 1996. 電子業從業人員職業性肌肉骨骼不適之盛行率與危險因子調查 prevalence and risk factors of occupational musculoskeletal discomforts in electronic workers. 中華職業醫學雜誌, 3 (3), 111-118.
  5. 羅憲中, 2008. 醫院清潔作業人員對於防護具預防職業傷害的認知、清潔度、與用度及相關因素.
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