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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 25 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李超雄、黃劭彥、林琦珍、盧雁琳。2009。資訊科技能力、策略、供應鏈管理利益與企業經營績效之關聯性研究:以資源基礎理論觀點。臺灣企業績效學刊。第三巷第一期:1-24。
  2. 陳純德、范懿文、范錚強。2011。企業市場導向、關係投資及供應鏈流程整合能力對供應鏈管理績效影響之研究:資訊科技能力調節效果之探討。商略學報,第三巷第二期:81-99。
  3. Cen, Y.G., Cen, L.H., Chen, X.F. 2011.A Raw Material Purchasing Decision-making Model of Order Allocation with Multiple Suppliers and Its Optimization. The 1st International Conference on Information Science and Engineering.
  4. Chen, Z.L. 2006. Order Assignment and Scheduling in a Supply Chain, Operations Research, 54: 555-572.
  5. Dahel, N.E.2003.Vendor selection and order quality allocation in volume discount environments. Supply Chain Management, 8: 335-342.
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