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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 50 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Carter, R. (1998). Vocabulary: Applied linguistic perspectives. London: Routledge.
  2. Charteris-Black, J. (2000). Metaphor and vocabulary teaching in ESP economics.English for Specific Purposes, 19: 149-165.
  3. Charteris-Black, J., & Ennis, T. (2001). The comparative study of metaphor in Spanish and English financial reporting. English for Specific Purposes, 20: 249-266.
  4. Chang, Chu-lin (張主羚). (2008). Gender roles reflected in Chinese botanical fixed expressions. MA Thesis. Tainan: National Cheng Kung University.
  5. Diamond, T., & Mawhinney, K. (1999). Sex determination of great black-backed bulls using morphometric characters. Journal of Field Ornithology, pp. 206-210.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林玉鋗(2010)。金融風暴下經濟用語的譬喻研究。成功大學外國語文學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2010。1-102。 
  2. 張揚傑(2015)。不同教學法對國小學童桌球反手推擋學習成效之影響。國立臺北教育大學體育學系學位論文。2015。1-56。 
  3. 盧瑞珍(2013)。合作學習對學生學習成效影響之後設分析-以2005至2012年之學位論文與期刊為範圍。臺灣師範大學教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2013。1-107。
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