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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 35 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 5. 李淑容(1996),「台灣貧窮線的缺失與擬議的改變」,東吳社會工作學報,第三卷第二期,頁169-174。
  2. 8. 陳祈典(2009),「台灣實施勤勞所得租稅補貼對勞動供給之影響評估」,國立台灣大學社會科學院經濟學研究所碩士論文。
  3. 10. 陳欽賢、林建仁、劉彩卿、孫建忠(2005),「美國薪資所得租稅補貼(Earned Income Tax Credit)之初探」,財稅研究,第37卷第2期,頁43-55。
  4. 11. 陳富立、何志欽、林惠玲、林世昌(2010),所得稅制與勞動供給︰EITC政策之模擬研究,2010年台灣經濟計量學會年會暨劉大中先生逝世35週年紀念會,研討會2-3勞動經濟第三場,pp.1-56。
  5. 16. 廖嘉凰(2009),「勞動所得退稅補貼方案之探討」,國立台北大學財政學系碩士論文。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 廖怡嘉(2010)。莊子生死觀之現代詮釋。淡江大學中國文學學系碩士班學位論文。2010。1-144。 
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