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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 105 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2.行政院農業委員會編印,動物用藥品登記作業須知,國立中央圖書館出版品,1994年。
  2. 13.林俊義 石信德 張有明 王強生主編,基因轉殖植物之生物安全評估與檢測專刊,行政院農業委員會農糧署 補助,行政院農業委員會農業試驗所編印。
  3. 1.牛惠之,預防原則之研究-國際環境法處理欠缺科學證據之環境風險議題之努力與爭議,台大法學論叢,34卷3期,頁1-71,2005年5年。
  4. 2.田中則夫,保護海洋生物多樣性的國際法規-海洋法與環境法之間整合運作的探討,臺灣海洋法學報第八期第二卷,頁37~51,2009年12月。
  5. 3.成之約,漁業勞動政策與立法方向之初論,勞資關係論叢,2期,頁133-165,1994年12月。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳禾如(2014)。台灣地區鱸魚養殖產業經營之經濟分析。中山大學經濟學研究所學位論文。2014。1-75。
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